Calls today for increased global investment into research and development to prevent the spread of potentially devastating crop diseases have been welcomed by Australia’s Grains Research and Development Corporation (GRDC).
GRDC chairman Keith Perrett says a recently-released report by an international team of researchers, warning that the strain of stem rust known as UG99 remains a threat to world crop production, serves as a timely reminder of the need for ongoing funding of cereal crop protection research.
Mr Perrett says significant Australian research dollars have been and will need to continue to be directed towards R&D aimed at halting the spread of – and ultimately eliminating – rust diseases such UG99.
“GRDC, on behalf of Australian growers and the Australian Government, each year invests $30 million in an extensive portfolio of crop protection research projects and initiatives right around the globe.
“GRDC has long recognised just how critical it is to address crop protection issues as potentially destructive as UG99, so we welcome any investigations and reports that underline to the broader community the importance of work being carried out in this area and the need for all countries to contribute to funding,” Mr Perrett says.
“As the world population grows at a rapid rate, secure food production remains a fundamental priority for us all.
“Australia plays a pivotal role in not only producing safe and healthy grain that is sought by domestic and international markets, but is also an important player in terms of providing dollars, resources and expertise to enhance global R&D into long-term food security.”
Mr Perrett says that given the threat of cereal rust to food security, Australia has adopted a nationally co-ordinated approach to rust control since rusts are airborne, pathogenically variable and sporadic in their occurrence.
“GRDC is the key funder of the Australian Cereal Rust Control Program (ACRCP) involving various research agencies from the University of Sydney, CSIRO Plant Industry, University of Adelaide, plus all state departments of agriculture, among others.
“The ACRCP undertakes research, training and education programs, and maintains strong linkages and partnerships with other research organisations, both in Australia and overseas, including CIMYYT (International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre) in Mexico and ICARDA (International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas) in Syria.
“The goal of the ACRCP is to deliver world-class protection from cereal rust diseases for Australian winter cereal crops. The protection of Australian industry from the ravages of rust for more than 20 years has been as a result of the collaborative work of the ACRCP, and we expect this to continue to be the case.”
GRDC has in place a strategic management plan for cereal rust control and has committed to an investment of up to $6 million per year until 2017.
“About two-thirds of that investment is in pre-breeding and integration into breeding of rust-resistant varieties,” Mr Perrett says.
“Examples of some of the world-class collaborative work being funded by GRDC and undertaken by research institutions in Australia and overseas include the delivery of resistant germplasm and surveillance for resistance in Australian cultivars; a molecular marker program; and advancement of new stem genes for stem and leaf rust resistance from uncultivated relatives of wheat.”
Mr Perrett says the cost of stem rust to the grains industry in Australia is estimated to be $8 million, but without current management strategies that cost would be as much as $478 million.
“But it’s not just stem rust that we are concerned about,” Mr Perrett says. “The GRDC approach is to look at all strains of rust. In fact, stripe rust is the rust disease which presently has the most economic impact in Australia.”
Mr Perrett says the GRDC remains committed to investing in research, development and extension in areas which matter most to Australian growers, the broader grains industry and consumers.
Caption: GRDC chairman Keith Perrett says significant Australian research dollars have been and will continue to be directed towards R&D aimed at halting the spread of and ultimately eliminating diseases such UG99.
Media releases and other media products can be found at www.grdc.com.au/Media-News.
For further information:
Jane O’Brien, GRDC Communication Manager
Phone (02) 6166 4565
Sharon Watt, Porter Novelli
Phone 0409 675100
National, North, South, West, Overseas