Australian Government - Grains Research and Development Corporation (GRDC) Annual Report 2004-05.  Meeting stakeholder needs through cooperative innovation
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Part 1 - Overview Part 2 - Our outputs Part 3 - Our organisation Part 4 - Financial statements Appendices Glossary

Glossary and Abbreviations List

2004-05 The financial year 2004-05; that is, 1 July 2004 to 30 June 2005.
ABARE Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics
ACAS Australian Crop Accreditation System
ACIAR Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research
ACRCP Australian Cereal Rust Control Program
agroecological zone A region defined by a characteristic interrelationship between agronomy/farming systems and various environmental features, not just climate. It is broader than an agroecosystem.
ANAO Australian National Audit Office
AOP Annual Operational Plan
APSIM Agricultural Production Systems Simulator
Australian Hard A wheat quality classification for wheat varieties that meet certain stringent requirements that result in high-quality flours suitable for a wide range of European breads, Middle Eastern flat breads and a number of Asian products.
AWCMMP Australian Winter Cereal Molecular Marker Program

The conversion of one natural product to another natural product using biological means.

A revolutionary shift in the chemical industry worldwide, away from petrochemical feedstocks and towards biological catalysts. This shift is being driven by diminishing petrochemical resources, concerns about high-energy/ high-waste chemical manufacturing processes, and increasing demand for complex chemical products which can be made only by biological catalysts.

CAC Act The Commonwealth Authorities and Companies Act 1997, which is complemented by the Commonwealth Authorities and Companies (Report of Operations) Orders 2005 - orders made by the Finance Minister concerning the report of operations component of annual reporting.
CIMMYT International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre
corporate governance The management process concerned with structures and processes for decision making, and with organisational controls and behaviours that support effective accountability for performance outcomes.
corporation, the Grains Research and Development Corporation
COS carbonyl sulphide
CRC Cooperative Research Centre
CSIRO Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
DAFF Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry
DArT Diversity Arrays Technology
Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry The Australian Government department that, among other things, manages portfolio responsibilities for rural R&D corporations.
double haploid A double haploid plant has cells containing two chromosome sets that are identical.
Driving Innovation

The GRDC Five Year Research and Development Plan 2002-07. The plan was prepared under the provisions of the PIERD Act (among other things) and approved by the Minister, and reflects ministerial directions, Australian Government policy, and extensive consultation with the grains industry.

The plan is designed to be the principal source of information about the GRDC's policies, programs and operations. It describes the GRDC; defines its business environment and key factors for the period to 2007; lays down, in the context of the business environment, the GRDC's planned outcomes and strategic priorities for investing in R&D; and outlines the strategies that the GRDC intends to adopt to achieve those outcomes.

Each year the plan is reviewed and its objectives are addressed in an annual operational plan.

effectiveness In the context of the CAC Act, the extent to which an Australian Government authority has achieved the objectives or discharged the functions, as the case requires, set out in its enabling legislation.
efficiency In the context of the CAC Act, the extent to which an Australian Government authority has maximised the outputs produced from a given level and quality of inputs or minimised the inputs used to produce a given level and quality of outputs.
EMS Environmental Management System
EMT GRDC Executive Management Team
Environmental management system A rigorous management process that primary producers can use to improve and document their environmental management practices.
EPBC Act The Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, which promotes ESD and seeks to conserve biological diversity through an effective, efficient national approach to environmental management at all levels of government.
EPR End Point Royalties
ESD ecologically sustainable development
extension The communication of knowledge, processes and/or technology to the grains industry, other stakeholders and the community.
farm cash income

Total revenues received by the farm business during the financial year: farm cash income = total cash receipts - total cash costs.

Total cash costs include payments made by the farm business for materials and services and for permanent and casual hired labour (excluding owner - manager, partner and family labour).

FOI Act Freedom of Information Act 1982
GCA Grains Council of Australia
GMO genetically modified organism
GRDC Grains Research and Development Corporation
ICARDA International Centre for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas
inputs Resources - in the form of people, expertise, materials, energy, facilities and/or funds - that the GRDC and its R&D partners use in activities to produce outputs.
IPM Integrated Pest Management
ISO The International Organization for Standardization, against whose quality management standard the GRDC is certified.
IT information technology
leviable crops

Crops on which a levy is paid to support the work of the GRDC, namely:

  • wheat
  • coarse grains - barley, oats, sorghum, maize, triticale, millets/panicums, cereal rye and canary seed
  • pulses - lupins, field peas, chickpeas, faba beans, vetch, peanuts, mung beans, navy beans, pigeon peas, cowpeas and lentils
  • oilseeds - canola, sunflower, soybean, safflower and linseed.
lines of business Within in an organisation, groups defined on the basis of common business activities and deliverables.
MAS Marker-Assisted Selection
Minister, the The Australian Government Minister for Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, within whose portfolio the GRDC is established. See also 'ministerial powers'.
ministerial powers Powers exercised under the provisions of legislation (especially the PIERD Act) by the Minister for Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, the Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister, or any other relevant minister of the Australian Government.
Montreal Protocol An international protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer, designed to protect the stratospheric ozone layer.
MRL maximum residue limit
NAPSWQ National Action Plan for Salinity and Water Quality
NIR Near Infrared (Spectroscopy)
NMI Program Nutrient Management Initiative Program
NVT National Variety Trials
opportunity cropping Planting decisions made on the basis of available soil moisture and attractive prices. This strategy is practised mainly in Northern Australia, where there is no fixed season for single cropping (growing only one crop on a particular piece of land).
outcome The intended results or consequences of actions by the GRDC and its R&D partners for the grains industry and for Australia's economic, environmental and social resources. The GRDC's outcome for 2004-05, as described in the Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry Portfolio Budget Statement, is: 'through its commitment to innovation, an Australian grains industry that is profitable and environmentally sustainable for the benefit of the industry and wider community'.
outputs The goods and services (mainly knowledge, processes and technology) that the GRDC and its R&D partners produce for external organisations or individuals.
PA Precision Agriculture
parliamentary secretary, the The Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, who exercises ministerial powers in relation to rural R&D corporations.
pathways to market The series of targets needing to be achieved to ensure the GRDC's R&D efforts result in products and services that can be utilised by Australian graingrowers.
performance Demonstrated proficiency in acquiring resources economically and using these resources efficiently and effectively in achieving the GRDC's outcomes.
performance indicator An agreed specification for measuring performance.
PIERD Act The Primary Industries and Energy Research and Development Act 1989, which is the GRDC's enabling legislation.
precision agriculture The use of spatial information (such as yield maps) to better match crop agronomy techniques, such as fertiliser application, to paddock variability.
proof of concept Experimental evidence that a particular idea, system or technique is workable, usually demonstrated on a small scale and/or in a model system.
quality management The management of all activities through a systematic and determined focus on continual improvement, above minimum levels of performance set by a formal quality management standard. The quality management standard against which the GRDC was certified when this report was published was ISO 9001:2000.
R&D research and development
rate of return Farm profit as a percentage of farm capital.
receival standards Criteria applied at the point of grower delivery of grain to the handling/marketing system. Receival standards cover quality attributes (for example, variety, protein, moisture, screenings and so on, in the case of wheat), set allowable levels of defective grains, and set limits on contaminants such as weed seeds, insects and non-millable material. Receival standards are crop-specific and differ for various quality grades.
research partners Individuals or organisations investing in or undertaking R&D activities.
RWA Russian wheat aphid
SARDI South Australian Research and Development Institute
Single Vision Towards a Single Vision for the Australian Grains Industry: The Australian Grains Industry Strategy 2005-25
stakeholders People, organisations or groups with an interest or stake in a line of business. In broad terms, the GRDC's two stakeholders are the Australian grains industry and the Australian Government.
The Way Forward The GRDC strategic business plan.
WAHRI Western Australia Herbicide Resistance Initiative
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Page last updated: August 30, 2006
© Grains Research and Development Corporation 2005