Seed destructor shows its national potential
GroundCover™ Issue: 100 | Author: Alexandra Roginski
- Preliminary trial uncovers the real cost of nutrient removal by three harvest weed management tactics
- Unlike chaff carts and narrow windrow burning, the Harrington Seed Destructor leaves all nutrients contained in the residue in the paddock
- Windrow burning, when done inappropriately, is expensive in terms of nutrients removed
Field trials of the Harrington Seed Destructor (HSD) in South Australia, New South Wales and Victoria have shown the weed-management device is as effective at managing annual ryegrass in the east as it is in the west.
Supported by the GRDC and the Rural Industry Research and Development Corporation, the trials at the 15 sites in the eastern states began during harvest in November and December 2011. They were supervised by the University of Western Australia’s Associate Professor Michael Walsh, a member of the Australian Herbicide Resistance Initiative (AHRI).
The HSD is a cage-mill implement towed by the harvester and incorporates chaff and straw transfer systems. The weed seed-bearing chaff fraction is processed by the mill before being returned to the field.
In autumn this year, the trial sites in the eastern states were revisited and ryegrass counts conducted to assess the impact of the harvest weed seed control systems on the annual ryegrass population. Results from these counts show the HSD had the same affect on annual ryegrass populations as in WA trials in 2010.
And as previously seen in WA, the level of control for the HSD matched other prevailing weed seed control systems – windrow burning and seed collection with chaff carts.
“At each of the sites that we set up in SA, Victoria and NSW, we were comparing the HSD with chaff cart and windrow burning and narrow windrow burning,” Associate Professor Walsh says. “We compared these in large-scale replicated trials, using our own, as well as farmer equipment.”
While the HSD’s efficacy matches that of these other methods, he says the advantage of the HSD is that it does not require burning of residual waste, saving time and avoiding additional damage to soil.
Associate Professor Walsh says the next step in the research will be to focus on maximising the amount of weed seed that makes it into the harvester. “We know that the lower the harvest cutting height, the more weed seed is collected by the header and then destroyed by the HSD. The colloquial term for the best height is ‘beer-can height’, or 15 to 20 centimetres above the soil surface.”
The HSD was invented by WA farmer Ray Harrington as an alternative to windrow burning and chaff carts. He was supported by the GRDC, the University of South Australia and AHRI in its development.
The GRDC is now managing the HSD’s commercial development and the invention will be manufactured by de Bruin Engineering of Mt Gambier, SA.
There are three HSDs in existence. Apart from Mr Harrington’s two on-farm machines, there is a research and demonstration model used by Associate Professor Walsh and the AHRI team. This model will be on loan to farmers in the mid-north region of SA for this year’s harvest.
Associate Professor Michael Walsh,
08 6488 7872, 0448 847 272
GRDC Project Code UWA00124
Region South, National, North