- Rust-resistant wheats — $22m in annual crop losses
- Crown rot and yellow spot resistance — $105m in wheat losses
- Common root rot resistance — $22m in losses
- Septoria tolerance — $86m in losses
- Rhizoctonia and take-all bio-controls — $88m in wheat losses
- Drought wheats (coleoptile design). Growers' losses to drought: $2.5bn in 1994-95.
- Sprouting-resistant wheats. $80m lost in bad years.
- Larger, black-point resistant quality wheats. $52m in lost returns.
Long Range R&D:
- Salt, boron, acidity and alkalinity tolerance. Cost over $130m in crop losses.
- Frost-tolerant wheats. Frost cost $100m in southern states in 1998.
Quality Market Needs: $3bn in Opportunities
- 'Bright' wheats for yellow alkaline and udon noodles — East Asia: $1.3bn market.
- Wheats for Chinese steamed breads: $617m market.
- Wheats for 'sponge & dough' breadmaking.
- Better wheat doughs for flat bread: $1.1bn market,
- Bread and biscuit wheats for Australia: $87m market.
- Pasta durums for Italy and Australia with 'eye appeal'. $120m market.
- 'New function' industrial starches and proteins.
21st Century R&D Toolkit (GRDC & Partners)
- Doubled haploids — for faster breeding
- Gene markers — for 'difficult' breeding targets
- Interspecific crosses — overcoming barriers to crosses between species.
- Clonal propagation — rapid regeneration of whole plants from single cells
- Premium wheat varieties — higher yields and premium qualities
- Transformation for 'new' characteristics — better productivity and environmental protection
Farming systems — new technologies
- Better market intelligence
- Product quality — DNA fingerprinting