Triticale: Credit repays with interest

Wheat

Some exciting options are now available for farmers interested in growing triticale.

Trials conducted by Southern Farming Systems (SFS) near Geelong, Victoria, produced encouraging results from varieties sourced from the National Triticale Breeding Program based at the University of Adelaide, which is supported by growers and the Federal Government through the GRDC.

Two recently released lines, Credit and Treat, performed significantly better than Tahara, which is widely grown in the district.

Credit, a high-tillering variety, is very tolerant of waterlogging. Credit was standing quite well at harvest when both Tahara and Treat were starting to lodge, and according to SFS researcher Colin Hacking would possibly be the most suitable variety to grow under local conditions.

Treat returned a high test weight (average 6 kg/hi above Tahara). It matures a few days earlier than Tahara. (Abacus, a longer-season variety commonly grown in the district, was not included in the trial but will be included in the 2001 trial.) Researchers conducted their trials on raised beds to minimise waterlogging damage.

Varieties finding favour elsewhere are Muir, a stronger strawed variety which tolerates waterlogging and high winds and is popular in NSW and Kangaroo Island, and Everest, a taller variety with high test weight released by the University of New England.

All these varieties are resistant to leaf, stem and stripe rusts and mildew and have good resistance to root lesion nematodes, but all except Tahara and Tickit are susceptible to cereal cyst nematode (CCN).

Triticale is generally widely adapted, growing well on low to high pH soils and from low to high rainfall. Its tolerance to acid soils makes it worth investigating for south-west Victorian and similar environments. On the downside, triticale is sensitive to frost at flowering, although the risk of damage at flowering can be minimised by choice of seeding date, variety and maturity type and by staggering sowing dates.

Where to get them

Credit — Peter Campbell of Waratah Seeds 02 6929 3715 has details of certified growers

Treat — Peter McCann 03 5382 4966

Muir — non-PBR variety

Everest — Peter Campbell of Waratah Seeds 02 6929 3715

Tahara — non-PBR widely available

Tickit is a new release from Adelaide University, which is currently undergoing seed multiplication, and will be available from 2003.

Program 2.3.2 Contact: Mr Colin Hacking 03 5229 0566 Dr Kath Cooper 08 8303 6563

Triticale replicated trial at Gnarwarre, SW Victoria, 2000-2001
VarietyYield (kg/ha)Height (cm)Yield (% Tahara)
Treat4990105131
TX92-5-2-1461795121
Credit455295119
Tickit451995118
TX93-19-2D/3439090115
251TYIM-424105110107
Muir4094105107
Everest3989110104
TX94-36-13930105103
Tahara3819100100