What's it mean?

Genomics - the study of the expression of all genes in an organism and of attempts to unravel the function of each gene

Water-use efficiency - a water-use efficient plant can photosynthesise with minimal loss of water through pores in its leaves

Carbon isotope discrimination - the ratio of the stable isotopes of carbon in leaf samples measured in the lab with a mass spectrometer; this is a measurement of water-use efficiency

Early vigour - the early vigour trait, developed by CSIRO Plant Industry, facilitates rapid establishment of the crop.